Osteoarthritis is a prevalent disease that affects any joint in the body.
A layer of strong, smooth, and slippery tissue called cartilage covers the surface of the bones in a healthy joint, allowing them to move easily against each other. Part of the cartilage thins and the surface gets rougher when a joint develops osteoarthritis.
According to the Spinal tumours surgeon in greater Noida, as the body attempts to heal the damage caused by worn or injured cartilage, all tissues inside the joint become more active than usual. As we become older, almost all of us will get osteoarthritis in some of our joints, even if we aren’t aware of it.
However, the healing processes aren’t always successful, and alterations in the joint structure might result in or contribute to symptoms like pain, swelling, or trouble moving the joint normally.
- An extra bone may develop near the joint’s edge, for example. Osteophytes are bone growths that can occasionally obstruct mobility or rub against other tissues. These can appear as stiff, knobbly swellings in some joints, particularly the finger joints.
- The synovium (the lining of the joint capsule) may thicken and create more fluid than usual, causing the joint to expand.
- Tissues that surround and support the joint may stretch, causing the joint to become less stable over time.
Osteoarthritis symptoms often appear gradually and worsen with time.Pain and stiffness in the afflicted joints are the most common symptoms of osteoarthritis. After a period of rest, your joints may feel stiff, but this normally passes as soon you resume moving. Symptoms might change for no apparent cause. Alternatively, you could notice that your symptoms change based on what you’re doing. Common Symptoms of osteoarthritis are:
Pain and Stiffness: You feel joints may become stiff after awakening and pain when you move.
Tenderness. When you apply light pressure to or near your joint, it may become sensitive.
The sense of grating. When you utilize the joint, you may notice a grating sensation and hear popping or cracking.
Swelling. This might be due to swelling of the soft tissues around the joint.
Bone spurs are a kind of bone spur. These additional fragments of bone might grow around the afflicted joint and feel like hard lumps.
The specific etiology of osteoarthritis is still unknown. We do know that it’s not just ‘wear and tear,’ and that your chance of developing osteoarthritis is influenced by a variety of variables, including:
Osteoarthritis often begins in the late 40s. This might be attributed to age-related changes in the body, such as weakened muscles, weight increase, and the body’s ability to recover itself properly.
Osteoarthritis is more prevalent and severe in women in most joints.
Obesity is a major risk in the development of osteoarthritis, especially in weight-bearing joints like the knee and hip.
Abnormalities of the joints
If you were born with abnormalities or developed them as a kid, you may develop osteoarthritis earlier and more severely than typical.
Single gene mutations that alter a protein called collagen have been related to some very uncommon types of osteoarthritis. This can lead to the onset of osteoarthritis in multiple joints at a younger age than typical.
Make an appointment with Dr. Hompriya issar, the Best neurosurgeon in Greater Noida, if you have persistent aches and pains or discomfort.